The model of royalties has been both a cornerstone and a point of contention. Initially hailed as a revolutionary mechanism to empower artists and creators, royalties are now scrutinized for their impact on market liquidity and overall sustainability. This brainstorm aims to dissect the complexities of the royalty model in the NFT market and propose a novel solution to harmonize the interests of all stakeholders: creators, curators, and collectors.

Defining the Problem
The traditional royalty model in the NFT space mandates a percentage fee on secondary sales, payable to the original creator. While this model incentivizes creators, it also introduces several challenges:

  1. Liquidity Drain: Royalties can significantly reduce the liquidity of NFTs, especially in a bear market, by imposing an additional cost on each transaction.
  2. Market Inefficiencies: The royalty fee, regardless of profit or loss on the sale, can deter collectors and investors, leading to decreased market activity.
  3. Enforcement Challenges: The decentralized nature of blockchain makes the enforcement of royalty payments technically challenging and sometimes unfeasible.

Impact on Stakeholders

  • Artists and Founders: Benefit from ongoing revenue streams but may face reduced interest in their work due to higher transaction costs.
  • Collectors and Traders: Encounter diminished returns and reduced incentives to trade, impacting the overall market health.

A Novel Solution: Profit-Based Royalty Model
To address these challenges, we propose a profit-based royalty model. This model would calculate royalties not on the total sale price but on the profit realized from the sale. Key features include:

  1. Profit Calculation: Royalties are levied only when the sale price exceeds the purchase price, ensuring that collectors are not penalized during a loss.
  2. Dynamic Royalty Rates: Implementing a sliding scale where the royalty percentage increases with higher profits, incentivizing creators while being fair to sellers.
  3. Smart Contract Implementation: Utilizing smart contracts to automatically calculate and distribute royalties based on profit margins.

Feasibility and Impact
This model aligns with the principles of fairness and efficiency. By focusing on profits, it ensures that creators are rewarded for value appreciation while protecting collectors from undue burdens in a declining market. The implementation would require robust smart contract algorithms and widespread adoption across NFT platforms.

To delve deeper into a more detailed Solidity implementation of a profit-based royalty system for NFTs, we need to consider several additional aspects, such as varying royalty percentages based on profit margins, ensuring security, and integrating with NFT standards like ERC-721 or ERC-1155.

Let's enhance our previous example with these considerations:

  1. Dynamic Royalty Percentage: Implement a function to determine the royalty percentage based on the profit margin.
  2. ERC-721/ERC-1155 Compliance: Ensure the contract is compliant with NFT standards for broader compatibility.
  3. Security Checks: Add checks to prevent common vulnerabilities like reentrancy attacks.
  4. Events: Emit events for better transparency and tracking.

Let's explore some novel, out-of-the-box ideas to address the challenges associated with NFT royalties. These ideas aim to balance the interests of creators, collectors, and the overall health of the NFT ecosystem.

  1. Time-Decaying Royalties:
    • Concept: Royalties could decrease over time. For instance, an NFT might have a higher royalty rate in the first year after its creation, which gradually decreases each year.
    • Impact: This incentivizes early collectors to invest while reducing the burden on long-term holders, potentially increasing the NFT's liquidity over time.
  2. Royalty Pooling:
    • Concept: Create a communal royalty pool where a portion of all royalty fees is collected. Holders of certain NFTs could receive dividends from this pool, similar to shareholders in a company.
    • Impact: This creates a passive income stream for NFT holders, adding another layer of value to holding NFTs, beyond just the asset's appreciation.
  3. Hybrid Royalty and Stakeholder Model:
    • Concept: Implement a system where NFT holders become stakeholders in the creator's future projects. Royalties from sales could be partially used to fund the creator’s future work, with stakeholders receiving exclusive benefits or decision-making power.
    • Impact: This fosters a community-driven approach, where collectors have a vested interest in the creator's success.
  4. Variable Royalty Based on Utility:
    • Concept: Adjust royalty rates based on the utility of the NFT. For instance, NFTs granting access to services or exclusive content could carry higher royalties than purely artistic NFTs.
    • Impact: Ties royalty rates to the perceived value and utility of the NFT, potentially making royalties more palatable to buyers.
  5. Royalty Caps:
    • Concept: Introduce a maximum cap on total royalties payable per NFT. Once the cap is reached, no further royalties are charged on subsequent sales.
    • Impact: This ensures that creators receive fair compensation, but also limits the long-term royalty burden on collectors.
  6. Profit-Sharing Smart Contracts:
    • Concept: Develop smart contracts where NFT creators and current holders share profits from subsequent sales. For example, a portion of the resale profit could be distributed among all previous owners.
    • Impact: Creates a continuous connection between creators, past, and current owners, fostering a sense of ongoing community and investment in the NFT's legacy.
  7. Royalty Auctions:
    • Concept: Allow the NFT community to bid for reduced royalty rates for a limited time or number of sales.
    • Impact: This could generate immediate liquidity for creators while providing temporary relief for collectors from high royalty rates.

Each of these ideas presents a unique way to rethink the traditional royalty model in the NFT space, aiming to enhance sustainability, fairness, and community engagement.

Detailed Breakdown of Royalty Pooling

Let's dive into the concept of Royalty Pooling which stands out as a particularly novel solution. This idea not only addresses the royalty issue in NFTs but also adds an innovative layer of community engagement and passive income potential.

Concept Overview:

  • Royalty Pool: A portion of royalties from all NFT sales in a specific collection or platform is pooled into a communal fund.
  • Dividend Distribution: Holders of certain NFTs receive periodic dividends from this pool, akin to shareholders in a company.


  1. Smart Contract Design:
    • A smart contract is developed to manage the royalty pool. It collects a predefined percentage of every NFT sale and adds it to the pool.
    • The contract tracks NFT ownership and distributes dividends at regular intervals (e.g., monthly, quarterly).
  2. Dividend Eligibility and Calculation:
    • Eligibility for dividends could be based on factors like the type of NFT held, the duration of ownership, or participation in community activities.
    • Dividends could be calculated based on the proportion of NFTs held, or using a more complex formula that takes into account various factors like loyalty, additional contributions to the community, etc.
  3. Tokenization:
    • Optionally, the rights to receive dividends could be tokenized, allowing NFT holders to sell or trade their dividend rights independently of the NFT itself.


  • Passive Income: Creates an additional revenue stream for NFT holders, making NFT ownership more attractive.
  • Community Engagement: Encourages a sense of community among holders, as everyone benefits from the collective success of the NFT collection.
  • Market Liquidity: Potentially increases the liquidity of NFTs, as the prospect of dividends adds another dimension of value.

Challenges and Considerations:

  • Legal Compliance: Depending on the jurisdiction, the distribution of dividends might have legal implications, similar to securities laws.
  • Smart Contract Complexity: The contract needs to be robust and secure, capable of handling complex calculations and distributions without vulnerabilities.
  • Marketplace Integration: For maximum effectiveness, this system needs to be integrated with NFT marketplaces.

Potential Variations:

  • Tiered Dividends: Different NFTs could entitle holders to different dividend rates, adding a layer of rarity or exclusivity.
  • Community Decision-Making: NFT holders could have a say in how the royalty pool is managed or used, such as reinvesting in community projects or supporting emerging artists.

Royalty pooling offers a multifaceted approach to address the challenges of the traditional royalty model in NFTs. By fostering community involvement and providing additional incentives for NFT ownership, this model could enhance the sustainability and appeal of the NFT ecosystem.

Hybrid Royalty and Stakeholder Model

  • Stakeholder Involvement: NFT holders become stakeholders in the creator's future projects, not just passive collectors.
  • Royalty Distribution: A portion of the royalties from sales is used to fund the creator’s future work, with NFT stakeholders receiving exclusive benefits.


  1. Smart Contract Design:
    • A smart contract is developed that allocates a certain percentage of royalties to fund the creator’s future projects.
    • The contract also records the details of NFT stakeholders, their holdings, and their entitled benefits.
  2. Stakeholder Benefits:
    • Benefits could include early access to new creations, voting rights on project decisions, or a share in the profits of future works.
    • Exclusive community events or digital experiences could be offered to further engage stakeholders.
  3. Future Project Funding:
    • Royalties from current sales help finance the creator’s next project, ensuring a continuous creative cycle.
    • Stakeholders may have the first option to invest in or purchase new creations.


  • Community Building: Strengthens the bond between creators and their audience, fostering a loyal community.
  • Sustainable Funding Model: Provides a more consistent funding stream for creators, reducing reliance on initial sales.
  • Incentivizes Long-term Holding: The prospect of future benefits encourages collectors to hold onto their NFTs longer.

Challenges and Considerations:

  • Governance Complexity: The model requires a fair and transparent system for decision-making and benefit distribution.
  • Legal and Regulatory Aspects: Similar to royalty pooling, this model may have implications in terms of securities and intellectual property laws.

Potential Variations:

  • Dynamic Stakeholder Benefits: The benefits could evolve based on the duration of NFT holding or the number of NFTs held.
  • Creator-Collector Collaborations: Stakeholders could be involved in co-creating or providing feedback for future projects, further blurring the line between creator and collector.
The Hybrid Royalty and Stakeholder Model presents a dynamic way of reimagining the NFT ecosystem.

It transforms NFT holders from mere collectors to active participants in the creative journey, potentially reshaping the creator-collector relationship in the digital art world. As we stand at the crossroads of the digital art revolution, the traditional models of creator compensation and collector engagement in the NFT space beckon innovation.

In the Royalty Pooling model, we envision a communal spirit, where the success of one becomes the triumph of all. Here, royalties are not just fees; they are the seeds sown back into the fertile soil of the community, growing into a forest of opportunities for every stakeholder. This model redefines passive ownership into active participation, where each NFT holder becomes a part of a larger narrative, a shared journey towards collective prosperity.

The Hybrid Royalty and Stakeholder Model takes us a step further, breaking down the traditional barriers of creator and consumer. It paints a picture of a world where NFT holders are not just investors but co-creators, stakeholders in the very essence of artistic creation. Here, the royalties serve as a bridge, connecting the initial spark of creativity with the enduring flame of community engagement. This model is a testament to the power of collaboration, where every NFT is a window into a realm of endless possibilities, a promise of a future where art and audience evolve together.

As we venture forth into this uncharted territory, let us carry with us the conviction that the true value of art lies not just in its aesthetic or its rarity, but in its ability to bring us together, to weave a tapestry of shared experiences and collective dreams. The future of NFT royalties is not just a question of economics; it's a canvas for community, a dance of duality between innovation and inspiration, a harmonious symphony of artists and admirers creating a world that is as boundless as our imagination.